process flow iron and steel making free download


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Engineering Handbook -

poured through a trench in the ground to flow into shallow earthen holes. The arrangement looked like newborn pigs suckling. The central channel became known as the "sow," and the molds were "pigs." Steelmaking is the process of refining pig iron as well as iron and steel scrap by removing undesirable

iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt | Steel | Iron

Oct 26, 2010· iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt

The Bessemer Process - Wirral Model Engineering Society

The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron. The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855. The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron.

Process water quality requirements for iron and steel making

United States Industrial Environmental Research EPA-600/2-79-003 Environmental Protection Laboratory January 1979 Agency Research Triangle Park NC 27711 Research and Development &EPA Process Water Quality Requirements for Iron and Steel Making


MANUFACTURE, PROCESSING AND USE OF STAINLESS STEEL: A REVIEW OF THE HEALTH EFFECTS _____ Prepared by: HJ Cross, J Beach, LS Levy, S Sadhra, T Sorahan, C McRoy Institute of Occupational Health University of Birmingham Edgbaston Birmingham B15 2TT UK Commissioned by: European Confederation of Iron and Steel Industries (EUROFER) Rue du Noyer 211

Chapter 5:MATERIAL FLOW IN INDUSTRY Karl Rundman ...

balance calculations for the unit operations of mining, pelletizing, pig iron production, and steel production. •Examine pollution, by-products of primary metal production, and the importance of scrap recycling. 5.5.1 Material Flow Diagrams Life in our world would be impossible without a large flow of materials, a flow

MIDREX Processes -

MIDREX Processes Masaaki ATSUSHI, Hiroshi UEMURA, Takashi SAKAGUCHI Plant Engineering Department, Iron Unit Division, Natural Resources & Engineering Business Since 1978, when a plant based on the MIDREX process was built in Qatar for producing direct reduced iron, Kobe Steel and MIDREX Technologies, Inc., have

Steel Making - Florida Institute of Technology

Process Flow Chart. Steel Making Steel Making Process Gerdau Ameristeel utilizes the Electric Arc Furnace - Continuous Casting method in the ... " The material shall be free of injurious defects and shall have a workmanlike finish." Note 2 states; "Unless otherwise specified, structural quality steels

NPTEL :: Metallurgy and Material Science - Steel Making

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Blast furnace - Wikipedia

The primary advantage of the early blast furnace was in large scale production and making iron implements more readily available to peasants. Cast iron is more brittle than wrought iron or steel, which required additional fining and then cementation or co-fusion to produce, but for menial activities such as farming it sufficed.


OPERATIONAL SIMULATION MODEL OF THE RAW MATERIAL HANDLING IN AN INTEGRATED STEEL MAKING PLANT . ABSTRACT . ... it was necessary to 'discretize' the gas process or flow so that the software adopted could be used. The LDG flow, in the recovery and distribution process simulation was treated as a s, e-

Direct reduced iron - Wikipedia

Direct reduced iron (DRI), ... DRI contains some siliceous gangue, which needs to be removed in the steel-making process. History. Producing sponge iron and then working it was the earliest method used to obtain iron in the Middle East, Egypt, and Europe, where it remained in use until at least the 16th century. There is some evidence ...

Water Requirements of the Iron and Steel Industry - USGS

WATER REQUIREMENTS OF THE IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRIES By FAULKNER B. WALLING x and Louis E. OTTS, JR.2 ABSTRACT Twenty-nine steel plants surveyed during 1957 and 1958 withdrew from various sources about 1,400 billion gallons of water annually and produced 40.8 million tons of ingot steel.


Iron Ore Pellets Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking ... Salzgitter The process shown above is illustrative only and is not designed to show the steelmaking process in detail. Not all steel plants produce all of the products shown in this diagram. OVERVIEW OF THE STEELMAKING PROCESS Pellets Sinter Limestone Coke Iron Ore Coal Scrap ...

How steel is produced - YouTube

Dec 15, 2010· How steel is produced: from raw materials to the finished products that are used in buildings, cars, white goods and thousands of other applications.

steel and cast iron06 - Malmö universitet

12 Chapter 11 -23 Types of Cast Iron Gray iron – 1 - 3 % Si, 2.5 – 4% C – graphite flakes plus ferrite/pearlite – brittleness due to the flake-like graphite • weak & brittle under tension • stronger under compression • excellent vibrational dampening • wear resistant Ductile (nodular) iron – a small amount (0.05 wt%) of Mg or Ce – spheroidal graphite precipitates (nodules)


production of steel in converters. 1855 – Henry Bessemer patented technology of production of steel by blowing air into molten pig iron through tuyeres in the bottom of a converter with acid lining. Content of Si in pig iron and silicon dioxide in slag were determining parts of the process. During

1A Manufacturing Process for Iron and Steel

The smelting and refining process for iron and steel in the BF-BOF process involves the carbon reduction of iron ore (Fe 2 O 3) in the BF to make molten iron, and decarburization of molten iron in the BOF to make molten steel. Major reducing agent in the BF is the carbon monoxide gas(CO) generated by the oxidation of the carbon(C) in coke. ...


Feb 29, 2008· This authoritative account covers the entire spectrum from iron ore to finished steel. It begins by tracing the history of iron and steel production, right from the earlier days to today's world of oxygen steelmaking, electric steelmaking, secondary steelmaking and continuous casting. The physicochemical fundamental concepts of chemical equilibrium, activity-composition relationships, and ...

From ore to steel – ArcelorMittal

In a basic oxygen furnace, molten iron ore is the principal raw material and is mixed with varying quantities of steel scrap and alloys to produce different grades of steel. In an electric arc furnace, recycled steel scrap is melted directly into new steel. About 12% of our steel is made from recycled steel. Finished products

New Ironmaking Processes: Relevance to India - IIM

New Ironmaking Processes: Relevance to India Dr B B Agrawal and A S Mathur R & D Centre for Iron & Steel Steel Authority of India Ltd. Ranchi, India IIM-DEL-MMMM11-BBA-120211. RDCIS 2 Emerging Scenario in Iron Making ... FINEX Process Flow Sheet: Jointly developed by VAI and research ...

Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace

Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace (Courtesy of the National Steel Pellet Company) The following describes operations at the National Steel Pellet Company, an iron ore mining and processing facility located on the Mesabi Iron Range of Minnesota. Creating steel from low-grade iron ore requires a long process of mining, crushing,

Steel - Basic oxygen steelmaking |

Steel - Basic oxygen steelmaking: More than half the world's steel is produced in the basic oxygen process (BOP), which uses pure oxygen to convert a charge of liquid blast-furnace iron and scrap into steel. The basic oxygen furnace (BOF) is a refractory-lined, tiltable converter into which a vertically movable, water-cooled lance is inserted to blow oxygen through nozzles at supersonic ...

Iron and Steelmaking -

Pig iron is divided into steel-making pig iron, which is intended for further processing to steel by various refining processes, and foundry pig iron, from which cast iron is produced by re-melting. Directly Reduced Iron Directly reduced iron is a product of iron (steel) direct reduction from ores in the solid

The Hot Rolling Process - California Steel Industries

The Hot Rolling Process The primary function of the Hot Strip Mill is to reheat semi-finished steel slabs of steel nearly to their melting point, then roll them thinner and longer through 12 successive rolling mill stands driven by motors totaling 77,000 hp, and finally coiling up the lengthened steel sheet for transport to the next process.

Steel manufacture -

Making iron [] Conversion to steeThe basic raw material for steel manufacture is either the hot metal from the blast furnace, steel scrap or a mixture of both.The proportions of material used vary according to the process and the type of steel required.

12.5 Iron And Steel Production - US EPA

12.5 Iron And Steel Production 12.5.1 Process Description1-3 ... The interrelation of these operations is depicted in a general flow diagram of the iron and steel industry in Figure 12.5-1. Coke production is discussed in detail in Section 12.2 of this publication, and more information on …

Heat Treating Data Book - SECO/WARWICK

Heat Treating Data Book Tenth Edition E-Book Published by SECO/Warwick Corporation 180 Mercer St., PO Box 908, Meadville, PA 16335 USA SECO/WARWICK Corp. is a member of the SECO/WARWICK Group (SWG) of companies The SECO/WARWICK Heat Treating Data Book contains information about heat treating metals.

Steel Production

An interactive module illustrating steel production developed by CIVS and AIST. Our constant drive for innovation, for exploring new, more competitive and cleaner ways to make steel is the North American steel industry's signature to making steel. Innovation and technology have transformed America ...

What Is a Steel Casting? Casting Process - ASM International

Fig. 1-1 Simplified flow diagram of the basic operations for producing a steel casting Casting Process The manufacture of steel castings is discussed in this handbook, however, a simplified flow diagram (Figures 1-1 and 1-2) is shown ... Fig. 1-2 Typical steps involved in making …